The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh 55(4), 2003, 258-264
INFLUENCE OF BRACKISH WATER ON SURVIVAL
AND GROWTH OF THE JUVENILE WHITE GROUPER,
Adi Peduel and Benny Ron*
Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, The National Center for Mariculture, P.O. Box 1212, Eilat, 88112, Israel
(Received 1.10.03, Accepted 30.11.03)
Key words: brackish water, cortisol, geothermal water, grouper, osmoregulation, salinity
The natural habitat of the white grouper, Epinephelus aeneus, is the Mediterranean Sea, which has a salinity of approximately 35 ppt. As fish species vary in their tolerance of environmental conditions, potential production in specific conditions must be determined empirically. The
growth, survival and cortisol level of 1.7 g grouper juveniles grown in diluted sea water (4 ppt) or
brackish water (4 ppt) from the Tsofar well in the Arava (southeastern Negev, Israel) was compared
to the growth of similar fish in sea water (43 ppt). Survival in all treatments was 100%.
During the first ten days, the fish grown in brackish water grew significantly less (p<0.01) than
the fish grown in full-strength or diluted sea water. There were no significant differences between
the treatments during the second growth period or in the final weight (approximately 9 g). Total
cortisol concentrations ranged 2.7-4.5 ng/l and did not significantly differ between treatments.
Results indicate that the white grouper can flourish in water with salinity as low as 4 ppt and that
there are no detrimental chemical factors in the brackish water from the Tsofar well.
*Corresponding author: Fax: +972-8-6375761, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org