The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh 54(3), 2002, 116-124

EVALUATION OF PLANT PROTEINS AS PARTIAL
REPLACEMENT FOR ANIMAL PROTEINS IN DIETS FOR
PENAEUS INDICUS AND P. MERGUIENSIS JUVENILES


Veronica D. Peñaflorida*
Aquaculture Department, SEAFDEC, PO Box 256, Iloilo, Philippines

(Received 18.3.02, Accepted 4.6.02)

Key words: animal protein substitues, feeds, Penaeus indicus, Penaeus merguiensis, plant proteins

Abstract

The growth rate and survival of two white shrimps, Penaeus indicus and P.merguiensis, fed diets in which fishmeal was partially replaced with plant protein sources were investigated in three trials. In trial 1 with P. indicus, soybean, yeast and leaf meals of kangkong, papaya and Cassia tora L. were screened as partial substitutes for fishmeal. The total biomass of shrimp fed 20% yeast (20yeast) was highest but not significantly different than that of shrimp fed 10yeast and 10papaya. Survival was highest with 20 yeast, 10papaya and 10yeast. Shrimp fed Cassiatora L. had the highest weight gain and SGR but their survival was similar to those fed poor performing diets. In trial 2 with P. merguiensis, the ingredients were modified by decreasing fishmeal and increasing the yeast and soybean substitution. The biomass of the shrimp fed 10yeast was similar to that of the shrimp fed 20yeast and 26soybean, the weight gain and SGR were similar to shrimp fed 20yeast while survival was highest but not different from 20yeast and 26soybean. In trial 3 with P. indicus, weight gain and SGR were best with 20yeast and 34soybean. However, biomass and survival did not differ among replacement levels.

The performance of the white shrimp varied with different levels of yeast and soybean meal incorporation. The response of P. indicus was best with 20yeast (15% by weight) or 34soybean meal (34% by weight) while that of P. merguiensis was with 10yeast (7% by weight), 20yeast (15% by weight) or 26soybean meal (26% by weight). Partial replacement of fishmeal with yeast or soybean meal would result in lower feed costs but the use of these feeds needs further refinement since survival was low in all treatments. Rearing techniques, such as increasing the feeding frequency, simulating deep pond conditions or using adequate substrates, should be refined.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: vdyp@aqd.seafdec.org.ph Tel: 63-335-1009 ,fax 63-335-1008
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