The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh 52(2), 2000, 77-88

CAPTURE OF WILD FINFISH FRY IN
MEDITERRANEAN COASTAL AREAS AND POSSIBLE IMPACT
ON AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT
AND MARINE GENETIC RESOURCES

Sherif Sadek

Arab Aquaculture Consultants Office, 6 Dr.Mahmoud Azmy Street, 11211 Zamalek, Cairo, Egypt

Dan Mires

Aquaculture Consultant, Kibbutz Ein Hamifratz, Fish Farm and Hatcheries, D.N. Ashrat 25210, Israel

(Received 25.9.00, Accepted 5.10.00)

Abstract

The collection of wild finfish fry of sea bream (Sparus auratus), sea bass (Dicentrachus labrax) and Mugilidae spp. is widely spread in some countries along the Mediterranean coast. Egypt, Greece, Israel, Italy, Tunisia and Turkey do most of the estimated 195.3 million catch. Of these, 130 million (66.6%) are caught in Egypt, 35.75 million (18.3%) in Turkey, 22.3 million (11.4%) in Italy, 4 million (2.1%) in Tunisia, 3 million (1.5%) in Israel and 0.25 million (0.1%) in Greece. Young mullet fry are used for stocking lakes and lagoons in various culture systems:extensive, semi-intensive and intensive monoculture as well as in polyculture with tilapias and carp. Sparidae and Serranidae spp. are mostly used in extensive and semi-intensive systems. At present, the development of Egyptian marine culture is severely inhibited by a shortage of finfish fry. This paper presents an overview of the existing status of these catches in this region with special emphasis on the Egyptian ecosystem, as well as opinions as to the possible impact they may have on Mediterranean aquaculture and fisheries as well as on marine genetic resources. Some practical attempts to secure the availability of seeds from marine hatcheries are also presented.

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